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Solid State Physics

Solid State Physics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123850312
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Solid State Physics by , Summary

Solid State Physics is a textbook for students of physics, material science, chemistry, and engineering. It is the state-of-the-art presentation of the theoretical foundations and application of the quantum structure of matter and materials. This second edition provides timely coverage of the most important scientific breakthroughs of the last decade (especially in low-dimensional systems and quantum transport). It helps build readers' understanding of the newest advances in condensed matter physics with rigorous yet clear mathematics. Examples are an integral part of the text, carefully designed to apply the fundamental principles illustrated in the text to currently active topics of research. Basic concepts and recent advances in the field are explained in tutorial style and organized in an intuitive manner. The book is a basic reference work for students, researchers, and lecturers in any area of solid-state physics. Features additional material on nanostructures, giving students and lecturers the most significant features of low-dimensional systems, with focus on carbon allotropes Offers detailed explanation of dissipative and nondissipative transport, and explains the essential aspects in a field, which is commonly overlooked in textbooks Additional material in the classical and quantum Hall effect offers further aspects on magnetotransport, with particular emphasis on the current profiles Gives a broad overview of the band structure of solids, as well as presenting the foundations of the electronic band structure. Also features reported with new and revised material, which leads to the latest research

Fundamentals of Solid State Engineering

Fundamentals of Solid State Engineering Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Manijeh Razeghi
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387287515
FileSize: 461kb
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Fundamentals of Solid State Engineering by Manijeh Razeghi Summary

Provides a multidisciplinary introduction to quantum mechanics, solid state physics, advanced devices, and fabrication Covers wide range of topics in the same style and in the same notation Most up to date developments in semiconductor physics and nano-engineering Mathematical derivations are carried through in detail with emphasis on clarity Timely application areas such as biophotonics , bioelectronics

Quantum Chemistry of Solids

Quantum Chemistry of Solids Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Robert A. Evarestov
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642303560
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Quantum Chemistry of Solids by Robert A. Evarestov Summary

Quantum Chemistry of Solids delivers a comprehensive account of the main features and possibilities of LCAO methods for the first principles calculations of electronic structure of periodic systems. The first part describes the basic theory underlying the LCAO methods applied to periodic systems and the use of Hartree-Fock(HF), Density Function theory(DFT) and hybrid Hamiltonians. The translation and site symmetry consideration is included to establish connection between k-space solid –state physics and real-space quantum chemistry. The inclusion of electron correlation effects for periodic systems is considered on the basis of localized crystalline orbitals. The possibilities of LCAO methods for chemical bonding analysis in periodic systems are discussed. The second part deals with the applications of LCAO methods for calculations of bulk crystal properties, including magnetic ordering and crystal structure optimization. In the second edition two new chapters are added in the application part II of the book. Chapter 12 deals with the recent LCAO calculations and illustrates the efficiency of the scalar-relativistic LCAO method for solids, containing heavy atoms. Chapter 13 deals with the symmetry properties and the recent applications of LCAO method to inorganic nanotubes. New material is added to chapter 9 devoted to LCAO calculations of perfect-crystal properties. The possibilities of LCAO method for calculation of the high-frequency dielectric constants of crystals and the description of phase transitions in solids are discussed. The efficiency of LCAO method in the quantum-mechanics-molecular dynamics approach to the interpretation of x-ray absorption and EXAFS spectra is illustrated. A new section is devoted to recent LCAO calculations of electronic, vibrational and magnetic properties of tungstates MeWO4 (Me: Fe,Co,Ni,Cu,Zn,Cd).

Quantum Theory of the Solid State

Quantum Theory of the Solid State Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Lev Kantorovich
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402021542
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Quantum Theory of the Solid State by Lev Kantorovich Summary

"Quantum Physics of the Solid State: an Introduction" Draft foreword: 26/09/03 If only this book had been available when I was starting out in science! It would have saved me countless hours of struggle in trying to apply the general ideas of the standard solid-state text-books to solve real problems. The fact is that most of the texts stop at the point where the real difficulties begin. The great merit of this book is that it describes in an honest and detailed way what one really has to do in order to understand the multifarious properties of solids in terms of the fundamental physical theory of quantum mechanics. University students of the physical sciences are taught about the fundamental the ories, and know that quantum mechanics, together with relativity, is our basis for understanding the physical world. But the practical difficulties of using quantum mechanics to do anything useful are usually not very well explained. The truth is that the application of quantum theory to achieve our present detailed understand ing of solids has required the development of a large array of mathematical tech niques. This is closely analogous to the challenge faced long ago by theoretical astronomers in trying to apply Newton's equations of motion to the heavens -they too had to develop a battery of theoretical and computational techniques to do cal culations that could be compared with observation.

The Oxford Solid State Basics

The Oxford Solid State Basics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Steven H. Simon
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191502103
FileSize: 406kb
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The Oxford Solid State Basics by Steven H. Simon Summary

The study of solids is one of the richest, most exciting, and most successful branches of physics. While the subject of solid state physics is often viewed as dry and tedious this new book presents the topic instead as an exciting exposition of fundamental principles and great intellectual breakthroughs. Beginning with a discussion of how the study of heat capacity of solids ushered in the quantum revolution, the author presents the key ideas of the field while emphasizing the deep underlying concepts. The book begins with a discussion of the Einstein/Debye model of specific heat, and the Drude/Sommerfeld theories of electrons in solids, which can all be understood without reference to any underlying crystal structure. The failures of these theories force a more serious investigation of microscopics. Many of the key ideas about waves in solids are then introduced using one dimensional models in order to convey concepts without getting bogged down with details. Only then does the book turn to consider real materials. Chemical bonding is introduced and then atoms can be bonded together to crystal structures and reciprocal space results. Diffraction experiments, as the central application of these ideas, are discussed in great detail. From there, the connection is made to electron wave diffraction in solids and how it results in electronic band structure. The natural culmination of this thread is the triumph of semiconductor physics and devices. The final section of the book considers magnetism in order to discuss a range of deeper concepts. The failures of band theory due to electron interaction, spontaneous magnetic orders, and mean field theories are presented well. Finally, the book gives a brief exposition of the Hubbard model that undergraduates can understand. The book presents all of this material in a clear fashion, dense with explanatory or just plain entertaining footnotes. This may be the best introductory book for learning solid state physics. It is certainly the most fun to read.

Semiconductor Quantum Dots

Semiconductor Quantum Dots Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Y. Masumoto,T. Takagahara
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662050013
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Semiconductor Quantum Dots by Y. Masumoto,T. Takagahara Summary

Semiconductor quantum dots represent one of the fields of solid state physics that have experienced the greatest progress in the last decade. Recent years have witnessed the discovery of many striking new aspects of the optical response and electronic transport phenomena. This book surveys this progress in the physics, optical spectroscopy and application-oriented research of semiconductor quantum dots. It focuses especially on excitons, multi-excitons, their dynamical relaxation behaviour and their interactions with the surroundings of a semiconductor quantum dot. Recent developments in fabrication techniques are reviewed and potential applications discussed. This book will serve not only as an introductory textbook for graduate students but also as a concise guide for active researchers.

Solid State Physics

Solid State Physics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John J. Quinn,Kyung-Soo Yi
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540922318
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Solid State Physics by John J. Quinn,Kyung-Soo Yi Summary

Intended for a two semester advanced undergraduate or graduate course in Solid State Physics, this treatment offers modern coverage of the theory and related experiments, including the group theoretical approach to band structures, Moessbauer recoil free fraction, semi-classical electron theory, magnetoconductivity, electron self-energy and Landau theory of Fermi liquid, and both quantum and fractional quantum Hall effects. Integrated throughout are developments from the newest semiconductor devices, e.g. space charge layers, quantum wells and superlattices. The first half includes all material usually covered in the introductory course, but in greater depth than most introductory textbooks. The second half includes most of the important developments in solid-state researches of the past half century, addressing e.g. optical and electronic properties such as collective bulk and surface modes and spectral function of a quasiparticle, which is a basic concept for understanding LEED intensities, X ray fine structure spectroscopy and photoemission. So both the fundamental principles and most recent advances in solid state physics are explained in a class-tested tutorial style, with end-of-chapter exercises for review and reinforcement of key concepts and calculations.

INTRODUCTION TO SOLID STATE PHYSICS, Second Edition

INTRODUCTION TO SOLID STATE PHYSICS, Second Edition Pdf/ePub eBook Author: KUMAR, ARUN
Editor: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 8120351479
FileSize: 1860kb
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INTRODUCTION TO SOLID STATE PHYSICS, Second Edition by KUMAR, ARUN Summary

Introduction to Solid State Physics, in its Second Edition, provides a comprehensive introduction to the physical properties of crystalline solids. It explains the structure of crystals, theory of crystal diffraction and the reciprocal lattice. As the book advances, it describes different kinds of imperfections in crystals, bonding in solids, and vibration in one-dimensional monoatomic and diatomic linear lattice. Different theories of specific heat, thermal conductivity of solids and lattice thermal conductivity are thoroughly dealt with. Coverage also includes the free electron theory, band theory of solids and semiconductors. In addition, the book also describes in detail the magnetic properties of solids and superconductivity. Finally, the book includes discussions on lasers, nanotechnology and the basic principles of fibre optics and holography. Some new topics like cellular method, quantum Hall effect, de Haas van Alphen effect, Pauli paramagnetism and semiconductor laser have been added in the present edition of the book to make it more useful for the students. The book is designed to meet the requirements of undergraduate and postgraduate students of physics for their courses in solid state physics, condensed matter physics and material science. KEY FEATURES • Puts a conceptual emphasis on the subject. • Includes numerous diagrams and figures to clarify the concepts. • Gives step-by-step explanations of theories. • Provides chapter-end exercises to test the knowledge acquired.

Quantum Theory of the Solid State

Quantum Theory of the Solid State Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Joseph Callaway
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483268268
FileSize: 607kb
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Quantum Theory of the Solid State by Joseph Callaway Summary

Quantum Theory of the Solid State, Part B describes the concepts and methods of the central problems of the quantum theory of solids. This book discusses the developed machinery applied to impurities, disordered systems, effects of external fields, transport phenomena, and superconductivity. The representation theory, low field diamagnetic susceptibility, electron-phonon interaction, and Landau theory of fermi liquids are also deliberated. This text concludes with an introduction to many-body theory and some applications. This publication is a suitable textbook for students who have completed a one-year course in quantum mechanics and have some familiarity with the experimental facts of solid state physics.

Solid State Physics

Solid State Physics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1349007846
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Solid State Physics by , Summary

Quantum Computing in Solid State Systems

Quantum Computing in Solid State Systems Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Berardo Ruggiero,Per Delsing,Carmine Granata,Yuri A. Pashkin,P. Silvestrini
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387311432
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Quantum Computing in Solid State Systems by Berardo Ruggiero,Per Delsing,Carmine Granata,Yuri A. Pashkin,P. Silvestrini Summary

Quantum Computation in Solid State Systems discusses experimental implementation of quantum computing for information processing devices; in particular observations of quantum behavior in several solid state systems are presented. The complementary theoretical contributions provide models of minimizing decoherence in the different systems. Most recent theoretical and experimental results on macroscopic quantum coherence of mesoscopic systems, as well as the realization of solid-state qubits and quantum gates are discussed. Particular attention is given to coherence effects in Josephson devices. Other solid state systems---including quantum dots, optical, ion, and spin devices---are also discussed.

The Physics of Solids

The Physics of Solids Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Eleftherios N. Economou
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642020698
FileSize: 421kb
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The Physics of Solids by Eleftherios N. Economou Summary

Solid State Physics emphasizes a few fundamental principles and extracts from them a wealth of information. This approach also unifies an enormous and diverse subject which seems to consist of too many disjoint pieces. The book starts with the absolutely minimum of formal tools, emphasizes the basic principles, and employs physical reasoning (" a little thinking and imagination" to quote R. Feynman) to obtain results. Continuous comparison with experimental data leads naturally to a gradual refinement of the concepts and to more sophisticated methods. After the initial overview with an emphasis on the physical concepts and the derivation of results by dimensional analysis, The Physics of Solids deals with the Jellium Model (JM) and the Linear Combination of Atomic Orbitals (LCAO) approaches to solids and introduces the basic concepts and information regarding metals and semiconductors.

Solid-State Physics

Solid-State Physics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: James Patterson,Bernard Bailey
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642025891
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Solid-State Physics by James Patterson,Bernard Bailey Summary

While the standard solid state topics are covered, the basic ones often have more detailed derivations than is customary (with an empasis on crystalline solids). Several recent topics are introduced, as are some subjects normally included only in condensed matter physics. Lattice vibrations, electrons, interactions, and spin effects (mostly in magnetism) are discussed the most comprehensively. Many problems are included whose level is from "fill in the steps" to long and challenging, and the text is equipped with references and several comments about experiments with figures and tables.

Solid State Physics

Solid State Physics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Joginder Singh Galsin
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128171049
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Solid State Physics by Joginder Singh Galsin Summary

Solid State Physics: An Introduction to Theory presents an intermediate quantum approach to the properties of solids. Through this lens, the text explores different properties, such as lattice, electronic, elastic, thermal, dielectric, magnetic, semiconducting, superconducting and optical and transport properties, along with the structure of crystalline solids. The work presents the general theory for most of the properties of crystalline solids, along with the results for one-, two- and three-dimensional solids in particular cases. It also includes a brief description of emerging topics, such as the quantum hall effect and high superconductivity. Building from fundamental principles and requiring only a minimal mathematical background, the book includes illustrative images and solved problems in all chapters to support student understanding. Provides an introduction to recent topics, such as the quantum hall effect, high-superconductivity and nanomaterials Utilizes the Dirac' notation to highlight the physics contained in the mathematics in an appropriate and succinct manner Includes many figures and solved problems throughout all chapters to provide a deeper understanding for students Offers topics of particular interest to engineering students, such as elasticity in solids, dislocations, polymers, point defects and nanomaterials

Introduction to Solid-State Theory

Introduction to Solid-State Theory Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Otfried Madelung
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642618855
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Introduction to Solid-State Theory by Otfried Madelung Summary

Introduction to Solid-State Theory is a textbook for graduate students of physics and materials science. It also provides the theoretical background needed by physicists doing research in pure solid-state physics and its applications to electrical engineering. The fundamentals of solid-state theory are based on a description by delocalized and localized states and - within the concept of delocalized states - by elementary excitations. The development of solid-state theory within the last ten years has shown that by a systematic introduction of these concepts, large parts of the theory can be described in a unified way. This form of description gives a "pictorial" formulation of many elementary processes in solids, which facilitates their understanding.

Physics of Strained Quantum Well Lasers

Physics of Strained Quantum Well Lasers Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John P. Loehr
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461556732
FileSize: 413kb
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Physics of Strained Quantum Well Lasers by John P. Loehr Summary

When this publisher offered me the opportunity to \\Tite a book, some six years ago, I did not hesitate to say yes. I had just spent the last four years of graduate school struggling to understand the physics of strained quantum well lasers, and it seemed to me the whole experience was much more difficult that it should have been. For although many of the results I needed were easy to locate, the underlying physical premises and intervening steps were not. If only I had a book providing the derivations, I could have absorbed them and gone on my way. Such a book lies before you. It provides a unified and self-contained descrip tion of the essential physics of strained quantum well lasers, starting from first principles whenever feasible. The presentation I have chosen requires only the standard introductory background in quantum mechanics, solid state physics, and electromagnetics expected of entering graduate students in physics or elec trical engineering. A single undergraduate course in each of these subjects should be more than sufficient to follow the text. :'Iore advanced material on quantum mechanics is developed and collected in the first chapter. \Vhen pos sible, I have presented the results in a general setting and have later applied them to specific cases of interest. I find this the most satisfying way to ap proach the subject, and it has the additional benefit of solving many problems once and for all.

Spin Physics in Semiconductors

Spin Physics in Semiconductors Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mikhail I. Dyakonov
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540788204
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Spin Physics in Semiconductors by Mikhail I. Dyakonov Summary

The purpose of this collective book is to present a non-exhaustive survey of sp- related phenomena in semiconductors with a focus on recent research. In some sense it may be regarded as an updated version of theOpticalOrientation book, which was entirely devoted to spin physics in bulk semiconductors. During the 24 years that have elapsed, we have witnessed, on the one hand, an extraordinary development in the wonderful semiconductor physics in two dim- sions with the accompanying revolutionary applications. On the other hand, during the last maybe 15 years there was a strong revival in the interest in spin phen- ena, in particular in low-dimensional semiconductor structures. While in the 1970s and 1980s the entire world population of researchers in the ?eld never exceeded 20 persons, now it can be counted by the hundreds and the number of publications by the thousands. This explosive growth is stimulated, to a large extent, by the hopes that the electron and/or nuclear spins in a semiconductor will help to accomplish the dream of factorizing large numbers by quantum computing and eventually to develop a new spin-based electronics, or “spintronics”. Whether any of this will happen or not, still remains to be seen. Anyway, these ideas have resulted in a large body of interesting and exciting research, which is a good thing by itself. The ?eld of spin physics in semiconductors is extremely rich and interesting with many spectacular effects in optics and transport.

Principles and Methods of Quantum Information Technologies

Principles and Methods of Quantum Information Technologies Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Yoshihisa Yamamoto,Kouichi Semba
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 4431557563
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Principles and Methods of Quantum Information Technologies by Yoshihisa Yamamoto,Kouichi Semba Summary

This book presents the research and development-related results of the “FIRST” Quantum Information Processing Project, which was conducted from 2010 to 2014 with the support of the Council for Science, Technology and Innovation of the Cabinet Office of the Government of Japan. The project supported 33 research groups and explored five areas: quantum communication, quantum metrology and sensing, coherent computing, quantum simulation, and quantum computing. The book is divided into seven main sections. Parts I through V, which consist of twenty chapters, focus on the system and architectural aspects of quantum information technologies, while Parts VI and VII, which consist of eight chapters, discuss the superconducting quantum circuit, semiconductor spin and molecular spin technologies. Readers will be introduced to new quantum computing schemes such as quantum annealing machines and coherent Ising machines, which have now arisen as alternatives to standard quantum computers and are designed to successfully address NP-hard/NP-complete combinatorial optimization problems, which are ubiquitous and relevant in our modern life. The book offers a balanced mix of theory-based and experimentation-based chapters written by leading researchers. Extensive information is provided on Quantum simulation, which focuses on the implementation of various many-body Hamiltonians in a well-controlled physical system, Quantum key distribution, Quantum repeaters and quantum teleportation, which are indispensable technologies for building quantum networks with various advanced applications and require far more sophisticated experimental techniques to implement.

Solid State Physics

Solid State Physics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: J. R. Hook,H. E. Hall
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111879088X
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Solid State Physics by J. R. Hook,H. E. Hall Summary

This Second Edition is aimed at students taking a firstcourse in this subject, although it will also be of interest toprofessional physicists and electronic engineers requiring a graspof the fundamentals of this important area of physics. Basicconcepts are introduced in an easily accessible context: forexample, wave propagation in crystals is introduced using one-andtwo-dimensional geometries. Only when these basic ideas arefamiliar are generalisations to three dimensions and the elegantframework of the reciprocal lattice made. Extensively rewritten,the Second Edition now includes new and expanded coverage ofsemiconductor devices, the quantum Hall effect, quasicrystals, hightemperature superconductors and techniques for the study of thesurfaces of solids. A chapter on dielectrics and ferroelectrics hasalso been added. Solid State Physics, Second Edition features: A carefully written and structured text to help students fullyunderstand this exciting subject. A flow diagram allowing topics to be studied in differentorders or omitted altogether. Optional "starred" and highlighted sections containing moreadvanced and specialised material for the more ambitiousreader. Carefully selected problems at the end of each chapter designedto assist learning. Solutions are provided at the end of thebook.