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Agency and Communion in Social Psychology

Agency and Communion in Social Psychology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351336363
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Agency and Communion in Social Psychology by , Summary

What are the ultimate motives that instigate individuals’ behaviours? What are the aims of social perception? How can an individuals’ behaviour be described both from the perspective of the actor and from the perspective of an observer? These are the basic questions that this book addresses using its proposed agency-communion framework. Agency (competence, assertiveness) refers to existence of an organism as an individual, to "getting ahead" and to individual goal-pursuit; communion (warmth, morality) refers to participation of an individual in a larger organism, to "getting along" and to forming bonds. Each chapter is written by experts in the field and use the agency-communion framework to explore a wide variety of topics, such as stereotypes, self-esteem, personality, power, and politics. The reader will profit from the deep insights given by leading researchers. The variety of theoretical approaches and empirical contributions shows that the parsimonious and simple structure of two types of content in behavior, motives, personality, self-concept, stereotypes, and more to build an overarching frame to different phenomena studied in psychology.

The Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale-Global Rating Method (SCORS-G)

The Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale-Global Rating Method (SCORS-G) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Michelle Stein,Jenelle Slavin-Mulford
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351801236
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The Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale-Global Rating Method (SCORS-G) by Michelle Stein,Jenelle Slavin-Mulford Summary

The Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale-Global Rating Method (SCORS-G) is a clinician rated measure that can be used to code various forms of narrative material. It is comprised of eight dimensions which are scored using a seven-point Likert scale, where lower scores are indicative of more pathological aspects of object representations and higher scores are suggestive of more mature and adaptive functioning. The volume is a comprehensive reference on the 1) validity and reliability of the SCORS-G rating system; 2) in depth review of the empirical literature; 3) administration and intricacies of scoring; and 4) the implications and clinical utility of the system across settings and disciplines for clinicians and researchers.

Great Minds in Management

Great Minds in Management Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ken G. Smith,Michael A. Hitt
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191500518
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Great Minds in Management by Ken G. Smith,Michael A. Hitt Summary

In Great Minds In Management Ken G. Smith and Michael A. Hitt have brought together some of the most influential and original thinkers in management. Their contributions to this volume not only outline their landmark contributions to management theory, but also reflect on the process of theory development, presenting their own personal accounts of the gestation of these theories. The result is not only an ambitious and original panorama of the key ideas in management theory presented by their originators, but also a unique collection of reflections on the process of theory development, an area which to date little has been written about by those who have actually had experience of building theory. In their concluding chapter, Ken G. Smith and Michael A. Hitt draw together some common themes about the development of management theory over the last half a century, and suggest some of the conclusions to be drawn about how theory comes into being. Contributors: Chris Argyris, Albert Bandura, Jay B. Barney, Lee R. Beach, Kim Cameron, Michael R. Darby, Robert Folger, R. Edward Freeman, Michael Frese, J. Richard Hackman, Donald C. Hambrick, Michael A. Hitt, Anne S. Huff, Gary P. Latham, Edwin A. Locke, Henry Mintzberg, Terrence R. Mitchell, Richard T. Mowday, Ikujiro Nonaka, Greg R. Oldham, Jeffrey Pfeffer, Lyman W. Porter, Denise M. Rousseau, W. Richard Scott, Ken G. Smith, Barry M. Staw, Richard M. Steers, Victor H. Vroom, Karl E. Weick, Oliver E. Williamson, Sidney G. Winter, and Lynn Zucker,

Individuality and the Group

Individuality and the Group Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Tom Postmes,Jolanda Jetten
Editor: Pine Forge Press
ISBN: 1446234452
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Individuality and the Group by Tom Postmes,Jolanda Jetten Summary

Social identity research has transformed psychology and the social sciences. Developed around intergroup relations, perspectives on social identity have now been applied fruitfully to a diverse array of topics and domains, including health, organizations and management, culture, politics and group dynamics. In many of these new areas, the focus has been on groups, but also very much on the autonomous individual. This has been an exciting development, and has prompted a rethinking of the relationship between personal identity and social identity - the issue of individuality in the group. This book brings together an international selection of prominent researchers at the forefront of this development. They reflect on this issue of individuality in the group, and on how thinking about social identity has changed. Together, these chapters chart a key development in the field: how social identity perspectives inform understanding of cohesion, unity and collective action, but also how they help us understand individuality, agency, autonomy, disagreement, and diversity within groups. This text is valuable to advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students studying social psychology where intergroup relations and group processes are a central component. Given its wider reach, however, it will also be of interest to those in cognate disciplines where social identity perspectives have application potential.

The Routledge Handbook of Discourse Analysis

The Routledge Handbook of Discourse Analysis Pdf/ePub eBook Author: James Paul Gee,Michael Handford
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136672915
FileSize: 309kb
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The Routledge Handbook of Discourse Analysis by James Paul Gee,Michael Handford Summary

The Routledge Handbook of Discourse Analysis covers the major approaches to Discourse Analysis from Critical Discourse Analysis to Multimodal Discourse Analysis and their applications in key educational and institutional settings. The handbook is divided into six sections: Approaches to Discourse Analysis, Register and Genre, Developments in Spoken Discourse, Educational Applications, Institutional Applications and Identity, Culture and Discourse. The chapters are written by a wide range of contributors from around the world, each a leading researcher in their respective field. All chapters have been closely edited by James Paul Gee and Michael Handford. With a focus on the application of Discourse Analysis to real-life problems, the contributors introduce the reader to a topic, and analyse authentic data. The Routledge Handbook of Discourse Analysis is vital reading for linguistics students as well as students of communication and cultural studies, social psychology and anthropology.

Human Behavior for Social Work Practice

Human Behavior for Social Work Practice Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Wendy L. Haight,Edward H. Taylor,Ruth Soffer-Elnekave
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190937742
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Human Behavior for Social Work Practice by Wendy L. Haight,Edward H. Taylor,Ruth Soffer-Elnekave Summary

Featuring an interdisciplinary, developmental, ecological-systems framework, Human Behavior for Social Work Practice, Third Edition helps students implement a consistent system through which to approach multifaceted social issues in any environment. Students will learn that by effectively connecting theory to practice, they can develop successful strategies to use as they encounter complex issues currently facing social workers, whether it be in inner city schools or rural nursing homes with individuals of different ages, ethnicities, and socioeconomic status. This text examines social work issues at various points in human development using specific programs and policies to illustrate developmentally- and culturally-sensitive social work practice. Excerpts from interviews with practicing social workers highlight real-life experiences and introduce a variety of policy contexts. Part 3 of the text focuses on social work issues affecting individuals across the lifespan and around the globe through chapters on disability and stigmatization; race, racism and resistance; women and gender; and terrorism.

Cognition and Addiction

Cognition and Addiction Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Antonio Verdejo García
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128152990
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Cognition and Addiction by Antonio Verdejo García Summary

Cognition and Addiction: A Researcher’s Guide from Mechanisms Towards Interventions provides researchers with a guide to recent cognitive neuroscience advances in addiction theory, phenotyping, treatments and new vistas, including both substance and behavioral addictions. This book focuses on “what to know and “how to apply information, prioritizing novel principles and delineating cutting-edge assessment, phenotyping and treatment tools. Written by world renowned researcher Antonio Verdejo-Garcia, this resource will become a go-to guide for researchers in the field of cognitive neuroscience and addiction. Examines cognitive neuroscience advances in addiction theory, including both substance and behavioral addictions Discusses primary principles of cutting-edge assessment, phenotyping and treatment tools Includes detailed chapters on neuro-epidemiology and genetic imaging

Socially Intelligent Agents

Socially Intelligent Agents Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Kerstin Dautenhahn,Alan H. Bond,Lola Canamero,Bruce Edmonds
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306473739
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Socially Intelligent Agents by Kerstin Dautenhahn,Alan H. Bond,Lola Canamero,Bruce Edmonds Summary

Socially situated planning provides one mechanism for improving the social awareness ofagents. Obviously this work isin the preliminary stages and many of the limitation and the relationship to other work could not be addressed in such a short chapter. The chief limitation, of course, is the strong commitment to de?ning social reasoning solely atthe meta-level, which restricts the subtlety of social behavior. Nonetheless, our experience in some real-world military simulation applications suggest that the approach, even in its preliminary state, is adequate to model some social interactions, and certainly extends the sta- of-the art found in traditional training simulation systems. Acknowledgments This research was funded by the Army Research Institute under contract TAPC-ARI-BR References [1] J. Gratch. Emile: Marshalling passions in training and education. In Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Autonomous Agents, pages 325–332, New York, 2000. ACM Press. [2] J. Gratch and R. Hill. Continous planning and collaboration for command and control in joint synthetic battlespaces. In Proceedings of the 8th Conference on Computer Generated Forces and Behavioral Representation, Orlando, FL, 1999. [3] B. Grosz and S. Kraus. Collaborative plans for complex group action. Arti?cial Intelli gence, 86(2):269–357, 1996. [4] A. Ortony, G. L. Clore, and A. Collins. The Cognitive Structure of Emotions. Cambridge University Press, 1988. [5] R.W.PewandA.S.Mavor,editors. Modeling Human and Organizational Behavior. National Academy Press, Washington D.C., 1998.

The WEIRDest People in the World

The WEIRDest People in the World Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Joseph Henrich
Editor: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
ISBN: 0374710457
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The WEIRDest People in the World by Joseph Henrich Summary

A New York Times Notable Book of 2020 A Bloomberg Best Non-Fiction Book of 2020 A Behavioral Scientist Notable Book of 2020 A Human Behavior & Evolution Society Must-Read Popular Evolution Book of 2020 A bold, epic account of how the co-evolution of psychology and culture created the peculiar Western mind that has profoundly shaped the modern world. Perhaps you are WEIRD: raised in a society that is Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic. If so, you’re rather psychologically peculiar. Unlike much of the world today, and most people who have ever lived, WEIRD people are highly individualistic, self-obsessed, control-oriented, nonconformist, and analytical. They focus on themselves—their attributes, accomplishments, and aspirations—over their relationships and social roles. How did WEIRD populations become so psychologically distinct? What role did these psychological differences play in the industrial revolution and the global expansion of Europe during the last few centuries? In The WEIRDest People in the World, Joseph Henrich draws on cutting-edge research in anthropology, psychology, economics, and evolutionary biology to explore these questions and more. He illuminates the origins and evolution of family structures, marriage, and religion, and the profound impact these cultural transformations had on human psychology. Mapping these shifts through ancient history and late antiquity, Henrich reveals that the most fundamental institutions of kinship and marriage changed dramatically under pressure from the Roman Catholic Church. It was these changes that gave rise to the WEIRD psychology that would coevolve with impersonal markets, occupational specialization, and free competition—laying the foundation for the modern world. Provocative and engaging in both its broad scope and its surprising details, The WEIRDest People in the World explores how culture, institutions, and psychology shape one another, and explains what this means for both our most personal sense of who we are as individuals and also the large-scale social, political, and economic forces that drive human history. Includes black-and-white illustrations.

Group Work with Adolescents, Third Edition

Group Work with Adolescents, Third Edition Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Andrew Malekoff
Editor: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 1462516106
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Group Work with Adolescents, Third Edition by Andrew Malekoff Summary

A trusted course text and professional resource, this comprehensive book delves into all aspects of planning and conducting strengths-based group work with adolescents. In an accessible, down-to-earth style, Andrew Malekoff spells out the principles of effective group practice. Extensive clinical illustrations show how successful group leaders engage teens in addressing tough issues--including violence, sexuality, prejudice, social isolation, and substance abuse--in a wide range of settings. Normative issues that adolescents face in the multiple contexts of their lives are lucidly explained. Packed with creative ideas and activities, the book helps readers develop their skills as confident, reflective practitioners. New to This Edition *Significantly revised chapters on group work essentials, school-based practice, and trauma. *Additional topics: social media and cyberbullying, expressive and animal-assisted therapies, mindfulness, adolescent brain development, and more. *Updated practice principles, information, and references. *Numerous new practice illustrations.

Motivation And Personality

Motivation And Personality Pdf/ePub eBook Author: A H Maslow
Editor: Prabhat Prakashan
ISBN:
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Motivation And Personality by A H Maslow Summary

I have tried in this revision to incorporate the main lessons of the last sixteen years. These lessons have been considerable. I consider it a real and extensive revision-even though I had to do only a moderate amount of rewriting-because the main thrust of the book has been modified in important ways which I shall detail below.

Introducing Psychological Research

Introducing Psychological Research Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 134924483X
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Introducing Psychological Research by , Summary

Coordination Dynamics: Issues and Trends

Coordination Dynamics: Issues and Trends Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Viktor K. Jirsa,Scott Kelso
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3540396764
FileSize: 474kb
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Coordination Dynamics: Issues and Trends by Viktor K. Jirsa,Scott Kelso Summary

This book brings together scientists from all over the world who have defined and developed the field of Coordination Dynamics. Grounded in the concepts of self-organization and the tools of nonlinear dynamics, appropriately extended to handle informational aspects of living things, Coordination Dynamics aims to understand the coordinated functioning of a variety of different systems at multiple levels of description. The book addresses the themes of Coordination Dynamics and Dynamic Patterns in the context of the following topics: Coordination of Brain and Behavior, Perception-Action Coupling, Control, Posture, Learning, Intention, Attention, and Cognition.

Parent—Child Interaction Therapy

Parent—Child Interaction Therapy Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Toni L. Hembree-Kigin,Cheryl Bodiford McNeil
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1489914390
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Parent—Child Interaction Therapy by Toni L. Hembree-Kigin,Cheryl Bodiford McNeil Summary

This practical guide offers mental health professionals a detailed, step-by-step description on how to conduct Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) - the empirically validated training program for parents with children who have disruptive behavior problems. It includes several illustrative examples and vignettes as well as an appendix with assessment instruments to help parents to conduct PCIT.

Analyzing Social Media Networks with NodeXL

Analyzing Social Media Networks with NodeXL Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Derek Hansen,Ben Shneiderman,Marc A. Smith
Editor: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 9780123822307
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Analyzing Social Media Networks with NodeXL by Derek Hansen,Ben Shneiderman,Marc A. Smith Summary

Analyzing Social Media Networks with NodeXL offers backgrounds in information studies, computer science, and sociology. This book is divided into three parts: analyzing social media, NodeXL tutorial, and social-media network analysis case studies. Part I provides background in the history and concepts of social media and social networks. Also included here is social network analysis, which flows from measuring, to mapping, and modeling collections of connections. The next part focuses on the detailed operation of the free and open-source NodeXL extension of Microsoft Excel, which is used in all exercises throughout this book. In the final part, each chapter presents one form of social media, such as e-mail, Twitter, Facebook, Flickr, and Youtube. In addition, there are descriptions of each system, the nature of networks when people interact, and types of analysis for identifying people, documents, groups, and events. Walks you through NodeXL, while explaining the theory and development behind each step, providing takeaways that can apply to any SNA Demonstrates how visual analytics research can be applied to SNA tools for the mass market Includes case studies from researchers who use NodeXL on popular networks like email, Facebook, Twitter, and wikis Download companion materials and resources at https://nodexl.codeplex.com/documentation

Teaching and Learning

Teaching and Learning Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Marjorie S. Schiering,Drew Bogner,Jorun Buli-Holmberg
Editor: R&L Education
ISBN: 1610484282
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Teaching and Learning by Marjorie S. Schiering,Drew Bogner,Jorun Buli-Holmberg Summary

Learners are multi-faceted, unique people. Discovering the whole individual is incumbent upon realizing the teaching/learning environments, common social and societal realities, and belief and value systems respective of academic and socio-societal factors that establish who one is as a learner and teacher. In Learning and Teaching, the authors offer practical strategies for interactive instruction to facilitate optimum learning.

The Psychology of Risk Taking Behavior

The Psychology of Risk Taking Behavior Pdf/ePub eBook Author: R.M. Trimpop
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080867618
FileSize: 504kb
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The Psychology of Risk Taking Behavior by R.M. Trimpop Summary

This book aims to help the reader to understand what motivates people to engage in risk taking behavior, such as participating in traffic, sports, financial investments, or courtship. The consequences of risk taking may be positive, or result in accidents and injuries, especially in traffic. The wealth of studies and theories (about 1000 references) is used to offer a cohesive, holistic view of risk motivation. The risk motivation theory is a dynamic state-trait model incorporating physiological, emotional and cognitive components of risk perception, processing and planning. If a deficit exists between desired and perceived risk, risk compensation behavior results. A feedback loop provides new information for the next perception-motivation-behavior process. Assumptions were tested and support was found with 120 subjects in a longitudinal study. The concepts and findings are discussed in relation to psychological theories and their meaning for our daily lives.

The Social Psychology of Gender

The Social Psychology of Gender Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Laurie A. Rudman,Peter Glick
Editor: Guilford Press
ISBN: 160623837X
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The Social Psychology of Gender by Laurie A. Rudman,Peter Glick Summary

Gender relations are rife with contradictions and complexities. Exploring the full range of gender issues, this book offers a fresh perspective on everyday experiences of gender; the explicit and implicit attitudes that underlie beliefs about gender differences; and the consequences for our thoughts, feelings, and behavior. Many real-world examples illustrate how the unique interdependence of men and women—coupled with pervasive power imbalances—shapes interactions in romantic relationships and the workplace. In the process, the authors shed new light on the challenges facing those who strive for gender parity. This ideal student text takes readers to the cutting edge of gender theory and research.

Social Psychology

Social Psychology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Graham M Vaughan,Michael A Hogg
Editor: Pearson Higher Education AU
ISBN: 1442562315
FileSize: 1830kb
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Social Psychology by Graham M Vaughan,Michael A Hogg Summary

The 7th edition of this best-selling social psychology text by Graham Vaughan and Michael Hogg, Social Psychology, retains the structure and approach of the previous edition but has been revised to reflect the changes in the field, with the material thoroughly updated throughout. Social Psychology 7e continues to capture the scope and detail of contemporary social psychology as an international scientific enterprise and at the same time deals with the subject in a way that is relevant to university teaching and social psychology research in Australia and New Zealand.

The Oxford Handbook of Language and Social Psychology

The Oxford Handbook of Language and Social Psychology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Thomas M. Holtgraves
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019983864X
FileSize: 1935kb
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The Oxford Handbook of Language and Social Psychology by Thomas M. Holtgraves Summary

Language pervades everything we do as social beings. It is, in fact, difficult to disentangle language from social life, and hence its importance is often missed. The emergence of new communication technologies makes this even more striking. People come to "know" one another through these interactions without ever having met face-to-face. How? Through the words they use and the way they use them. The Oxford Handbook of Language and Social Psychology is a unique and innovative compilation of research that lies at the intersection of language and social psychology. Language is viewed as a social activity, and to understand this complex human activity requires a consideration of its social psychological underpinnings. Moreover, as a social activity, the use and in fact the existence of language has implications for a host of traditional social psychological processes. Hence, there is a reciprocal relationship between language and social psychology, and it is this reciprocal relationship that defines the essence of this handbook. The handbook is divided into six sections. The first two sections focus on the social underpinnings of language, that is, the social coordination required to use language, as well as the manner in which language and broad social dimensions such as culture mutually constitute one another. The next two sections consider the implications of language for a host of traditional social psychological topics, including both intraindividual (e.g., attribution) and interindividual (e.g., intergroup relations) processes. The fifth section examines the role of language in the creation of meaning, and the final section includes chapters documenting the importance of the language-social psychology interface for a number of applied areas.